Kānana Press Mud a me Molasses Compost Fertilizer e hana nei i ke kaʻina hana

Loaʻa iā Sucrose 65-70% o ka hana kō i ka honua. Pono ke kaʻina hana i ka nui o ka mahu a me ka uila, a hana ia i nā koena he nui ma nā ʻano ʻokoʻa o ka hana ma ka manawa like.

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ʻO ke kūlana hana Sucrose ma ka Honua

Aia ma mua o hoʻokahi haneli mau ʻāina a puni ka honua e hoʻohua i ka suku. ʻO Brazil, India, Thailand a me Australia ka mea hana nui a hoʻokuʻu i ke kō i ka honua. ʻO nā hana kō i hana ʻia e kēia mau ʻāina e pili ana i 46% o ka hopena o ka honua a me ka nui o nā mea kūʻai aku kō i kahi 80% o ka lawe honua. ʻO ka hana kō a Brazil a me ka helu ʻana i ka nui o ka helu ma ka honua, e helu ana no 22% o ka sucrose makahiki o ka hana honua āpau a me 60% o ka huina o ka hoʻolilo honua.

Nā huahana Sugar / Sugarcane a me ka haku mele

I ke kaʻina hana kō kō, koe wale no nā huahana nui e like me ke kō keokeo a me ke kō kō, aia he 3 mau huahana nui: ka ʻeke ʻeke, kaomi kaomi, a me nā molasses blackstrap.

ʻO Sugarcane Bagasse: 
ʻO Bagasse ke koena fibrous mai ke kō ma hope o ka lawe ʻana i ka wai kō. Hiki ke hoʻohana maikaʻi ʻia ka ʻeke bagasse no ka hana ʻana i ka mea kanu meaola. Eia nō naʻe, no ka mea he ʻaneʻane cellulose maʻemaʻe ka bagasse a ʻaʻohe o nā mea momona pono ʻole ia ʻaʻole ia he mea momona momona, pono pono ka hoʻohui o nā meaola ʻē aʻe, ʻoi aku ka waiwai o nā mea waiwai nitrogen, e like me nā mea ʻōmaʻomaʻo, ka lepo o nā pipi, nā māno puaʻa a pēlā aku. popopo.

ʻO Mud Press Press Mud:
ʻO ka pala kaomi, kahi koena nui o ka hana kō, ke koena mai ka mālama ʻana i ka wai kō ma o ka kānana ʻana, e helu ana no 2% o ke kaupaona o ke kō i ʻānai ʻia. Kāhea ʻia nō hoʻi ka ipu paʻi kānana kō, kānake kaomi kō, kānana kō, kānana kō.

Kumu kānana (lepo) ke kumu o ka haumia nui, a i kekahi mau hale kō i manaʻo ʻia he ʻōpala ia, ke waiho nei i nā pilikia o ka hoʻokele a me ka hoʻolilo hope loa. Hoʻohaumia ia i ka lewa a me ka wai o ka honua inā e hoʻāhu ana i ka lepo ma ke kaulike. No laila, ʻo ka lāʻau lapaʻau kaomi ka pilikia nui no ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe kō a me nā keʻena pale kaiapuni.

Ke noi ʻana i ka palolo kaomi kānana
ʻOiaʻiʻo, ma muli o ka nui o nā meaola a me nā mea mineral i koi ʻia no ka meaʻai mea kanu, ua hoʻohana mua ʻia ke keke kānana i mea momona ma nā ʻāina he nui, e like me Brazil, India, Australia, Cuba, Pakistan, Taiwan, South Africa, a me Argentina. Hoʻohana ʻia ia ma ke ʻano he pani kūmole a hapa paha no nā mea kanu mineral i ka mahi kō, a me ka mahi ʻana o nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka waiwai o ka kānana Press Mud ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona compost
ʻO ka lakio o ka kō a me ka lepo kānana (ka wai ma kahi o 65%) ma kahi o 10: 3, ʻo ia hoʻi he 10 tone o ke kō i hiki ke hana i 1 tone o ka palolo kānana maloʻo. I ka 2015, ʻo ka nui o ka hana kō i ka honua ʻo 0.172 biliona mau tona, me Brazil, India a me Kina e hōʻike ana i 75% o ka hana honua. Ua manaʻo ʻia ma kahi o 5.2 miliona mau tona o ka lepo kaomi i hana ʻia ma India i kēlā me kēia makahiki.

Ma mua o ka ʻike ʻana pehea e hoʻokele ai i ka nohona kaomi i ka palolo kaomi a i ʻole kaomi keke, e ʻike hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna ʻano i hiki ai ke loaʻa kahi hopena kūpono.

 

Nā waiwai o ke kino a me ka hoʻohui kemika o ka lepo kō Sugarcane Press:

Aʻole.

Nā Palapala

Waiwai

1.

pH

4.95%

2.

Huina Kūpono

27.87%

3.

Huina Kūpono

84.00%

4.

COD

117.60%

5.

BOD (5 mau lā ma 27 ° C)

22,20%

6.

Kalepona Organic.

48,80%

7.

Mea hoʻonoho kino

84.12%

8.

Nitrogen

1.75%

9.

Pākuʻi

0.65%

10.

Pāpaʻakai

0.28%

11.

Sodoma

0.18%

12.

Kalipuna

2.70%

13.

Sulphate

1.07%

14.

Kōpaʻa

7.92%

15.

Laki a me nā momona

4.65%

Ke ʻike nei ma luna aʻe, loaʻa ka nui o nā meaola a me nā mea pōkole o ka mineral i ka pala kaomi, ma waho o 20-25% o ke kalapona ʻokikene. ʻO ka pala kaomi ka mea waiwai i ka potassium, sodium, a me phosphorous. He kumuwaiwai momona ia o ka phosphore a me nā meaola a he nui ka wai o ka wai, a lilo ia i mea momona momona momona! ʻO kahi hoʻohana maʻamau no ka mea hoʻomomona, i nā ʻano ʻelua i hana ʻole ʻia a me nā ʻano hana. Hoʻohana ʻia nā hana e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i kāna waiwai momona
e hoʻopili me ka composting, ka mālama ʻana me nā microorganism a me ka hoʻohuihui ʻana me nā effillents distillery

Nā Mākaʻa Kō
Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka molasses mai ka huahana kō mai ka 'C' kō kō ma ke ʻano o ke kō ʻana o nā aniani kō. ʻO ka hua o nā molakeke i kēlā me kēia tona o ke kō ma ka pae o 4 a 4.5%. Hoʻouna ʻia i waho o ka hale hana me he huahana neoneo lā.
Eia nō naʻe, maikaʻi kahi molases i kahi kumu o ka ikehu no nā ʻano like ʻole o nā microbes a me ka ola o ka lepo i kahi puʻupuʻu a i ʻole ka lepo. Loaʻa iā Molasses he 27: 1 carbon to nitrogen ration a loaʻa ma kahi o 21% carbon carbon soluble. Hoʻohana ʻia ia i kekahi manawa i ka hoʻomoʻa ʻana a i ʻole no ka hana ʻana i ka ethanol, ma ke ʻano he mea hana i ka hānai pipi, a ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻouluulu “molases-based”.

ʻO ka pākēneka o nā meaola i loaʻa i Molasses

Sr.

Nutrients

%

1

Sucrose

30-35

2

Glucose & Fructose

10-25

3

Moisture

23-23.5

4

ʻAla

16-16.5

5

Kalipuna a me Potassium

4.8-5

6

Pākuʻi kō ʻole

2-3

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Kānana Press Mud & Molasses Compost Fertilizer Manufacturing Process

Hoʻolālā
ʻO ka mua ka paila kaomi kō (87.8%), nā mea kalapona (9.5%) e like me ka pauka mauʻu, pauka mauʻu, germ germ, bran palaoa, chaff, sawdust etc., molases (0.5%), single super phosphate (2.0%), sulfur mud (0.2%), ua hui pono a ahu ʻia ma kahi o 20m ka lōʻihi ma luna o ka pae honua, 2.3-2.5m i ka laulā a 5.6m kiʻekiʻe ma ke ʻano semicircle. (ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: ʻo ka laulā o ke kiʻekiʻe o nā windrows e like me nā ʻikepili aiao o ka hoʻohuli compost āu e hoʻohana nei)

Hāʻawi ʻia kēia mau puʻu i ka manawa e hoʻohui a hoʻopau i ke kaʻina hana digestion ma kahi o 14-21 mau lā. I ka wā o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana, ua hui ʻia ka hui, hoʻohuli ʻia a hoʻoinu ʻia ma hope o kēlā me kēia lā ʻekolu e mālama i ka ʻū o 50-60%. Hoʻohana ʻia kahi mea hoʻohuli compost no ka huli ʻana i ke kaʻina hana e mālama i ka lōkahi a me ka hui pono ʻana. (ʻ tipslelo aʻoaʻo: kōkua ka compost windrow turner i ka mea hana mea hoʻowali hui a huli koke i ka compost, kūpono a pono i ka laina hana hoʻohua mea kanu.
Nā Pahu Fermentation
Inā kiʻekiʻe ka wai o ka wai, hoʻolōʻihi ʻia ka manawa fermentation. Hiki i ka wai haʻahaʻa o ka palolo ke kumu i ka hū ʻole. Pehea e hoʻokolokolo ai inā makua ka compost? Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka compost makamae e ke ʻano momona, ke kala hina (pulverized into taupe) a ʻaʻohe ʻaʻala. Aia ke ana wela ma waena o ka compost a me nā wahi a puni. ʻO ka momona o ka compost ma lalo o 20%.

Granulation
Hoʻouna ʻia nā mea hū i ka ʻO ka granulator momona meaola hou no ke kūkulu ʻana i nā granula.

Hoʻomaloʻo / Hoʻalili
E hoʻouna ʻia nā granula i ka Mīkini hoʻomaloʻo pahu Rotary, ma aneʻi molases (0.5% o ka nui o nā mea maka) a pono e kāpīpī i ka wai ma mua o ke komo ʻana i ka mea maloʻo. Hoʻohana ʻia kahi mīkini pahū hoʻokaʻa, e ʻimi nei i nā ʻenehana kino e hoʻomaloʻo i nā granula, e hana i nā granula ma kahi mahana o 240-250 ℃ a e hōʻemi i ka wai o ka wai i 10%.

Nānā ʻia
Ma hope o ka granulation o ka compost, hoʻouna ʻia iā mīkini pale pana Rotary. Pono ka nui o ka bio-fertilizer i 5mm diameter no ka maʻalahi o ka mahiʻai a me ka granule maikaʻi maikaʻi. Hoʻohana hou ʻia nā granules oversize a undersize i ka unit granulation.

Pūʻolo
Hoʻouna ʻia ka huahana o ka nui i koi ʻia i mīkini ʻūlū akomi, kahi i piha ai i loko o nā ʻeke ma o ka hoʻopihapiha ʻana. A laila hoʻouna ʻia ka huahana i nā wahi like ʻole no ke kūʻai aku.

Nā Kānana Sugar Sugar Mud & Molasses Compost Fertilizer

1. Ke kūpaʻa maʻi kiʻekiʻe a me nā nāhelehele liʻiliʻi.
I ka wā o ka mālama ʻana i ka palapalapala kō, e hoʻonui koke nā microorganism a hana i nā nui he nui o nā antibiotic, nā hormones a me nā metabolite kikoʻī. Ke noi nei i ka mea momona i ka lepo, hiki iā ia ke pale pono i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o nā pathogens a me ka ulu ʻana o ka mauʻu, hoʻomaikaʻi i ka pest a me nā kūpaʻa o ka maʻi. ʻO ka palolo kānana pulu me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻole maʻalahi e hele i nā bacteria, nā ʻanoʻano nāhelehele a me nā hua i nā mea kanu a hoʻopili i ko lākou ulu ʻana.

2. Ka maikaʻi maikaʻi o ka mea hoʻomomona:
ʻOiai he 7-15 mau lā wale nō ka wā fermentation, mālama ia i nā mea momona o ka palau kānana a hiki i ka hiki. Ma muli o ka decomposition o nā microorganism, hoʻololi ia i nā mea paʻakikī e komo i nā meaʻai kūpono. Hiki i ka kānana kō ke kō i ka biorganic fertilizer ke pāʻani i ka pono momona a hoʻopiha hou i nā mea pono e pono ai no ka ulu ʻana o nā mea kanu. No laila, mālama ka maikaʻi o ka mea hoʻomomona i kahi manawa lōʻihi.

3. Ka mahi ʻana i ka momona o ka lepo a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka lepo.
Ke hoʻohana nei i hoʻokahi mea hoʻomomona kemika no ka wā lōʻihi, e hoʻopau mālie ʻia ka meaola lepo, kahi e hopena ai i ka helu o ka hoʻemi microbial lepo pono. I kēia ala, hoʻemi ka ʻenemi i ka ʻikepili a hōʻino ʻia ka colloidal, e hoʻoulu ana i ka lepo, acidification a me salinization. Hiki i nā mea kanu keola ke hoʻohui hou i ke one, pālolo wehe, kāohi i nā pathogens, hoʻihoʻi i ka nohona micro-ecological environment, hoʻonui i ka permeability o ka lepo a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hiki ke mālama i ka wai a me nā meaola.
4. Hoʻonui i ka hua a me ka maikaʻi. 
Ma hope o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka mea hoʻomomona meaola, loaʻa i nā mea kanu nā ʻōnaehana a me nā ʻano lau ikaika, e hāpai ana i ka germination o nā mea kanu, ka ulu ʻana, ka pua ʻana, ka hua ʻana a me ke oʻo ʻana. Hoʻonui maikaʻi ia i ka helehelena a me ke kala o nā huahana mahiʻai, hoʻonui i ka nui o ke kō a me nā momona momona. Hoʻohana ka mea kanu bi-organic fertilizer i lepo ma ke ʻano he basal general a me luna. I ke kau e ulu ana, e hoʻopili i kahi nui o nā meaola inorganic. Hiki iā ia ke hoʻokō i nā pono o ka ulu ʻana o ka mea kanu a hiki i ke kumu e hoʻokele a hoʻohana ai i ka ʻāina.

5. Ke noi ākea i ka mahiʻai
Ke hoʻohana nei i nā mea momona a me nā mea kanu no ke kō, nā maiʻa, nā lāʻau hua, nā melon, nā mea kanu, nā mea kanu kī, nā pua, nā ʻuala, nā paka, nā meaʻai, a pēlā aku.


Ka manawa Post: Jun-18-2021