Hana i ka mea hoʻōla meaola ma ka home

Make Organic Fertilizer at Home (1)

Pehea e hana ai i ka ʻōpala?

ʻO ka ʻōpala ʻōpala ʻokanika pono a pale ʻia inā hana nā ʻohana i kāu mea momona ponoʻī ma ka home. ʻO ka composting ʻōpala kekahi ala kūpono a me ka hoʻokele waiwai i ka mālama ʻōpala holoholona. Aia he 2 ʻano o nā hana hana composting i loaʻa i ka hana hoʻomomona mea hoʻomomona mea kanu.

Composting Nui
ʻOi aku ka mahana o ka compost ākea ma mua o 50 ℃, ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi o ka manawa composting, maʻamau 3-5 mau mahina. 

Make Organic Fertilizer at Home (5) Make Organic Fertilizer at Home (3)

Aia he 3 mau ʻano paila: ʻano pālahalaha, ʻano semi-pit, a me ʻano lua.
ʻAno pālahalaha: kūpono no nā wahi me ke kiʻekiʻe o ka mahana, ka ua nui, ka wela kiʻekiʻe, a me ka kiʻekiʻe o ka wai honua. Koho i kahi ʻāina maloʻo, hāmama kokoke i kahi kumu wai & kūpono e lawe. ʻO ka laulā o ka stack he 2m, ke kiʻekiʻe he 1.5-2m, ka lōʻihi e hoʻokele ʻia ana e nā mea waiwai. Ke hoʻomoe nei i ka lepo ma mua o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana a uhi ʻana i kēlā me kēia papa o nā mea me ka mauʻu o nā mauʻu a i ʻole nā ​​kuhukū e ʻūlū i ka wai i kō ʻia. ʻO ka mānoanoa o kēlā me kēia papa he 15-24cm. Hoʻohui i ka nui o ka wai, lime, sludge, lepo o ka pō a me nā mea ma waena o kēlā me kēia papa e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ai ka evaporation a me ka volatilization amonia. Ke hoʻokele nei i ka hoʻohuli compost propelled ponoʻī (kekahi o ka mīkini composting koʻikoʻi nui) e hoʻohuli i ka waihona ma hope o ka paʻa ʻana o hoʻokahi mahina, a pēlā aku, a i ka hopena e pau nā mea. Ke hoʻohui nei i ka nui o ka wai e like me ka mākū a maloʻo paha o ka lepo. Hoʻololi ka helu composting e ke kau, maʻamau 2 mau mahina i ke kauwela, 3-4 mau mahina i ka hoʻoilo.

ʻAno semi-lua: hoʻohana mau ʻia i ka wā mua o ka hoʻoilo a me ka hoʻoilo. Ke koho ʻana i kahi kahua lā a lee e ʻeli i kahi lua me ka hohonu 2-3 kapuaʻi, 5-6 kapuaʻi ka laulā, a me 8-12 kapuaʻi ka lōʻihi. Ma ka lalo a me ka paia o ka lua, pono e kūkulu i nā ala ea i ke ʻano o ke keʻa. Pono e sila pono ʻia ka piko o ka compost me ka honua ma hope o ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā pōpō maloʻo he 1000 mauʻu. E piʻi ka mahana ma hope o ka hemo ʻana o hoʻokahi pule. E hoʻohana ana i ke ʻano o ka tunch compost tuner e hoʻohuli i ka puʻu fermentation ma hope o ka emi ʻana o ka mahana no 5-7 mau lā, a laila e hoʻomau i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana a hiki i ka hopena e hoʻoneʻe ʻia nā mea maka.

ʻAno Pit: 2m hohonu. Kapa ʻia ia ʻano ma lalo o ka honua. Kūlike ke ʻano o ka stack me ka ʻano semi-pit. I ka wā o ka kaʻina decomposing, noi 'ia nā mea hoʻohuli compost helix compost e hoʻohuli i nā mea no kahi pilina maikaʻi me ka ea.

Thermophilic Composting

Thermophilic composting kahi kumu nui e hana pono ʻole ai i nā meaola, keu hoʻi nā ʻōpala kanaka. E luku ʻia nā mea hōʻino, e like me nā mikena, nā hua, nā ʻanoʻano mauʻu a pēlā aku i ka mauʻu a me ka excretion, ma hope o ka mālama ʻana i ka wela kiʻekiʻe. Aia he 2 ʻano o ka hana composting, ʻano pālahalaha a me ka ʻano semi-pit. Kūlike nā ʻenehana me ka composting ākea. Eia nō naʻe, e wikiwiki i ka palaho ʻana o nā mauʻu, pono nā composting thermophilic e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā bacteria bacteria decomposition wela kiʻekiʻe, a hoʻokumu i nā pono uila. Pono e hana i nā ana anuanu i nā wahi anuanu. Holo ka compost wela ma waena o nā pae he nui: Fever-High Temperature-Temperature Dropping-Decomposing. I ke kiʻekiʻe wela, e luku ʻia nā mea ʻino. 

Raw Nā Pono Pono o ka Mea Hoʻokomo Mea Pono Homemade
Paipai mākou i kā mākou mea kūʻai aku e koho i nā ʻano aʻe e lilo i mau mea maka o ka mea hoʻomomona mea kanu home.

1. Kanu Mea kanu
1.1 Lau lau

Make Organic Fertilizer at Home (4)

I nā kūlanakauhale nui he nui, ua uku nā aupuni i ke kālā no ka hana e hōʻiliʻili i nā lau i hāʻule. Ma hope o ka oʻo ʻana o ka compost, e hāʻawi aku a kūʻai aku paha i ka kamaʻāina ma ke kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi ma ka honua ma mua o 40 cm ke ʻole ʻo ia i ka tropical. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka paila i mau ʻāpana lau ʻē aʻe a me ka lepo mai ka honua a luna. I kēlā me kēia papa ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā lau i hāʻule ma mua o 5-10 cm. Pono ka uhi waena ma waena o nā lau i hāʻule a me ka lepo ma kahi o 6 a 12 mau mahina e pala. E mālama i ka momona o ka lepo, akā ʻaʻole e hoʻoinu nui i ka wai e pale ai i ka nalo ʻana o ka momona o ka lepo. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi inā loaʻa iā ʻoe ka sima kūikawā a i ʻole ka loko wai compost.
Nā mea nui: nitrogen
ʻĀpana kiʻekiʻe: phosphorus, potasiuma, hao
Hoʻohana nui ʻia ia no ka momona nitrogen, hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a ʻaʻole maʻalahi ia i ke aʻa. ʻAʻole pono e hoʻohana nui i ka pae pua hua. Ma muli o ka makemake o nā pua a me nā hua i ka nui o ka pāhare potassium sulfur.

 

1.2 hua
Inā hoʻohana i ka hua pala, nā ʻanoʻano, ka palu hua, nā pua a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, pono ka manawa popopo i kahi lōʻihi. Akā ʻoi aku ka nui o ka ʻike o ka phosphorus, potassium a me ka sulfur.

Make Organic Fertilizer at Home (6)

1.3 Pōpō pī, mau pī a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.
Wahi a ke kūlana o ka hōʻemi ʻana, pono ka compost mākua ma ka liʻiliʻi he 3 a 6 mau mahina. A ʻo ke ala ʻoi loa e hōʻeleu ai i ke oʻo i inoculated i ka bacteria. ʻO ke kūlana o ka compost me ka ʻole o ka honi kūikawā.
ʻOi aku ka ʻike o ka phosphore potassium sulfur ma mua o ka compost litter, akā ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ka compost hua. Hoʻohana i ka hua soya a i ʻole nā ​​huahana bean e hana pololei i ka compost. No ka mea he kiʻekiʻe ka lepo o ka soybean, no laila, lōʻihi ka manawa o ka hoʻomaha ʻana. No ka mea hoihoi maʻamau, inā ʻaʻohe flora kūpono, aia nō i ke ʻala maikaʻi ʻole ma hope o hoʻokahi makahiki a mau makahiki paha ma hope. No laila, paipai mākou e kuke, hoʻomoʻa pono i ka soybeans, puhi ʻia, a laila hoʻi hou. No laila, hiki ke hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui i ka manawa hoʻomaha.

 

2. Excreta holoholona
ʻO nā ʻōpala o nā holoholona herbivorous, e like me nā hipa a me nā bipi, kūpono e hū ʻia i hana i nā meaola bio. Ma waho aʻe, ma muli o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka phosphore, koho maikaʻi ʻia ka manure hen a me ka lepo nūnū.
Hoʻolaha: Inā mālama ʻia a hana hou ʻia i ka hale hana maʻamau, hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia kahi excreta kanaka e like me nā mea maka o mea hoʻoulu meaola. Eia naʻe, nā home ʻole, nele o ka lakohana hana mua, no laila ʻaʻole mākou e koi e koho i ka excreta kanaka ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai i ka hana ʻana i kāu pono pono pono. 

 

3. Kūlohelohe Mea Hoʻolālā / lepo Nutritional
☆ Palapala Pond
ʻAno: Fertile, akā kiʻekiʻe i ka viscosity. Hoʻohana ʻia ia e like me ka momona momona, kūpono ʻole e hoʻohana mele.
☆ Nā Kumulāʻau

 

E like me Taxodium distichum, me nā ʻike resin haʻahaʻa, e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.
☆ Peat
ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi. ʻAʻole pono e hoʻohana pololei ʻia a hiki ke hoʻohui ʻia me nā mea ʻokanika ʻē aʻe.

Make Organic Fertilizer at Home (2)

 

ʻO ke kumu e pono ai e hoʻopau piha i nā meaola 
ʻO ka decomposition o nā meaola meaola e alakaʻi i ʻelua mau hiʻohiʻona nui o nā loli i ka mea kanu meaola ma o ka hana microbial: ka palaho o nā meaola (hoʻonui i ka momona o ka mea momona i loaʻa). Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ua loli ka meaola o ka mea hoʻomomona mai ka paʻakikī a i ka palupalu, ua loli ke ʻano mai ka pā kaulike ʻole i ka lole like. I ke kaʻina hana o ka compost, e pepehi ia i nā ʻanoʻano nāhelehele, nā mikrob a me ka hapa nui o nā hua ilo. No laila, ua kaulike ia me ke koi o ka hana mahiʻai.

 

 


Ka manawa Post: Jun-18-2021