Hana i kāu pono mea kanu ponoola ma ka home

I ka hoʻoulu ʻana o ka meaola i hana ʻia e ka home, pono ka composting ʻōpala.

ʻO ka composting kahi ʻano kūpono a me ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka hoʻolilo ʻana i nā ʻōpala holoholona

ʻEkolu ʻano o nā ʻano puʻu: pololei, semi-pit, a me ka lua

ʻAno pololei

Kūpono no ke kiʻekiʻe o ka mahana, ka ua, ka wela kiʻekiʻe, nā wahi papa wai kiʻekiʻe. Koho i kahi maloʻo, hāmama, a kokoke i nā kumu wai. ʻO ka laulā paʻa o 2m kiʻekiʻe 1.5-2m ka lōʻihi e mālama ʻia e like me ka nui o nā mea maka. Hoʻoikaika i ka lepo ma mua o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana a uhi i kēlā me kēia papa o nā mea me ka mauʻu o ka mauʻu a i ʻole ka kuhukū e komo i ka wai kai kai .. He 15-24cm ka māno o kēlā me kēia papa. E hoʻohui i ka nui o ka wai, lime, sludge, feces, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ma waena o nā papa e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ai ka evaporation a me ka amonia volaculation. Ma hope o hoʻokahi mahina o ka composting, kalaiwa i ka dumper hele e hoʻohuli i ka compost a huli pinepine i ka paila a pala ka mea. Koi ʻia ka nui kūpono o ka wai e pili ana i ka wai a me ka maloʻo o ka lepo. Hoʻololi ka helu composting me nā kau, maʻamau 3-4 mau mahina i ke kauwela 2 mahina a 3-4 mau mahina i ka hoʻoilo. .

ʻAno lua hapalua

Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ia i ka wā mua o ka puna a me ka hoʻoilo. Koho i kahi wahi haʻahaʻa e ʻeli i kahi lua hohonu 2-3 kapuaʻi 5-6 kapuaʻi ka lōʻihi a 8-12 kapuaʻi ka lōʻihi. Pono e hoʻonohonoho i nā puka keʻa ma lalo a me nā paia o ka lua. E hoʻonui i ka 1000 kg o ka mauʻu maloʻo i ka piko o ka compost a hoʻopaʻa iā ia me ka lepo. Ma hope o hoʻokahi pule o ka composting, piʻi ka mahana. E hoʻohana ana i ka sluff dumper, e hoʻohuli kūlike i ka reactor fermentation no 5-7 mau lā ma hope o ke anuanu, a hoʻomau i ka composting a hiki i ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o ka mea maka.

ʻAno lua

ʻO ka maʻamau he 2 mau mika ka hohonu, i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻano papa honua. ʻAno like ke ʻano o ka stacking me ke ʻano hapalua. E hoʻohana i ka dumper helix pāpālua i ka wā o ka palaho e hana hou aku i nā mea i ka lewa.

ʻO ka composting anaerobic wela kiʻekiʻe.

ʻO ka composting o ka pāmahana kiʻekiʻe kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e hoʻolei aku i nā ʻōpala ʻokanika, keu hoʻi nā ʻōpala kanaka. Pepehi ʻia nā mea ʻino e like me ka bacteria, nā hua, a me nā ʻanoʻano o ka mauʻu i ka mauʻu a me nā excreta ma hope o ka mālama ʻana i ka wela kiʻekiʻe. ʻO ka composting anaerobic mehana kiʻekiʻe ke ʻano he 2 ala, ʻano heap pālahalaha a me ke ʻano semi-pit. ʻO ke ʻano o ka composting ka mea like me ka compost maʻamau. Eia nō naʻe, i mea e wikiwiki ai ka decomposition o ka mauʻu, pono i ka compost wela kiʻekiʻe e hoʻohui i nā bacteria bacteria decomposition wela wela kiʻekiʻe, a hoʻonohonoho i nā pono hoʻomehana. Pono e hana i nā hana antifreeze i nā wahi anuanu. Hōʻalo ka composting wela wela ma waena o nā hanana he nui: ka wela-kiʻekiʻe-hōʻoluʻolu-decomposition. E luku ʻia nā mea hōʻino ma nā mahana wela. He mea maikaʻi inā loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi sima kūikawā a i ʻole kahi ʻāpana composting tile.

Nā mea hana nui: nitrogen.

Nā kumuhana ʻē aʻe: phosphorus, potassium, iron.

Hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka mea hoʻomomona nitrogen, hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa, ʻaʻole maʻalahi e hōʻino i ke kumu pakiaka. ʻAʻole kūpono ia no ka hoʻohana kaumaha i ka wā hopena pua. No ka mea pono i nā pua a me nā hua i ka nui o ka phosphor, potassium, sulfur.

Nā mea maka no ka mea momona mea kanu home.

Paipai mākou e koho i nā papa aʻe e like me nā mea maka no ka mea hoʻomomona mea kanu home.

1. Kanu i nā mea maka

Mea maloʻo

I nā kūlanakauhale nui he nui i United States, uku ke aupuni i nā limahana e ʻohiʻohi i nā lau deciduous. Ke oʻo makua, kūʻai ʻia i nā mahiʻai ma nā kumukūʻai haʻahaʻa. Inā ʻaʻole ia i loko o nā tropics, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e hana i kēlā me kēia papa o nā lau deciduous ma lalo o 5-10 cm ka mānoanoa, nā lau deciduous i uhi ʻia i ka uhi o ka lepo ma mua o 40 cm. Pono e uhi ʻia ka wā ma waena o nā papa like ʻole o nā lau deciduous me nā multens e like me ka lepo, i hiki ke lawe i 6 a 12 mau mahina e pala. E mālama i ka lepo o ka lepo, akā ʻaʻole e hoʻonui i ka wai e pale i ka pohō o ka momona o ka lepo.

Hua

Inā hoʻohana ʻia nā hua pala, nā hua, nā ʻili, nā pua, a pēlā aku, lohi paha ka palaho. ʻOi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka phosphorus, potassium a me ka luaipele.

Pōpō, pī, a pēlā aku

Kaukaʻi ʻia i ke kūlana degreasing, lawe ka composting ma kahi o 3 a 6 mau mahina e oʻo. ʻO ke ala ʻoi loa e hōʻeleu ai i ka oʻo ʻana o ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā g germ. ʻO kekahi o nā pae hoʻohālikelike no ka composting ʻaʻohe ʻaʻala āpau. ʻOi aku ka nui o kāna mau phosphorous, potassium a me ka sulfur ma mua o ka compost maloʻo, akā ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa ma mua o ka compost hua. Hana pololei ʻia ka compost mai nā huahana soy a soya paha. Lōʻihi aʻe ka soybeans i ka compost ma muli o kā lākou momona momona. No nā hoaaloha momona momona, ʻala paha i hoʻokahi makahiki a i ʻole mau makahiki mai kēia manawa. No laila, paipai mākou e hoʻomoʻa pono i ka soya, kālua ʻia, a laila pulu. Hiki iā ia ke hōʻemi nui i ka manawa impregnation.

2. Excreta holoholona

ʻO nā feces o nā mea kanu e like me nā hipa a me nā bipi e kūpono no ka fermentation a me ka hana ʻana o ka mea kanu bio-organic. Hoʻohui ʻia, kiʻekiʻe ka manure moa a me ka nūnū dūnū phosphore, he koho maikaʻi nō hoʻi.

Nānā: Hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia nā excreta holoholona i mālama ʻia a hana hou ʻia i kahi mea kanu maʻamau ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai no ka meaola meaola. Eia nō naʻe, no ka nele o nā pono hana mua i ka home, ʻaʻole mākou e koi i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka excreta kanaka ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai e hana i ka mea kanu mea kanu.

3. Nā Mea Kūlohelohe Mea Hoʻolālā Pono

Kahua wai Pond

Moekolohe: Breedable, akā kiʻekiʻe viscosity. Pono e hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea momona momona, ʻaʻole wale.

Aʻa nila nila

Ke ʻoi aku ka mānoanoa o ka deciduous ma mua o 10-20cm, hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ka nila kui e like me nā mea maka no ka meaola meaola. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ka.

ʻO nā kumulāʻau me nā ʻano resin haʻahaʻa, e like me ka hāʻule ʻana o ka fir fir, e ʻoi aku ka hopena.

Peat

ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka mea hoʻomomona. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohana pololei ʻia a hiki ke hoʻohui ʻia me nā mea ʻokanika ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ke kumu e hoʻopau loa ʻia ai nā meaola.

ʻO ka decomposition o nā meaola e alakaʻi i nā loli nui ʻelua ma o ka hana microbial: ʻo ka palaho o nā mea meaola e hoʻonui i nā mea momona maikaʻi o ka mea hoʻomomona. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, hoʻopalupalu ʻia nā meaola o nā mea maka mai ka paʻakikī a i ka palupalu, a hoʻololi ʻia ke ʻano mai ka pā kaulike ʻole i ka lole like. I ke kaʻina hana o ka composting, pepehi ia i nā ʻanoano nāhelehele, koʻohune, a me ka nui o nā hua. No laila, ʻoi aku ka nui o ke kūlike me nā koi o ka hana mahiʻai.


Ka manawa Post: Sep-22-2020