Manure hipa i ka hana ʻana i ka mea hoʻomomona hana ʻenehana

Nui nā māla hipa ma Australia, New Zealand, ʻAmelika, ʻEnelani, Palani, Kanada a me nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe he nui. ʻOiaʻiʻo, hoʻopuka ia i kahi nui o nā manure hipa. ʻO lākou nā mea maka maikaʻi no ka hana ʻana i ka mea kanu meaola. No ke aha mai? ʻO ka maikaʻi o ka manure hipa ka mea mua ma ka mālama holoholona. ʻO nā koho hānai hipa a me nā ʻōpuʻu, nā mauʻu palupalu, nā pua a me nā lau ʻōmaʻomaʻo, ʻo ia nā ʻāpana o ka nitrogen. 

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Nānā Nutrient

Loaʻa i ka manure hipa hou ka 0.46% o ka phosphore a me ka 0.23% o ka pāhare potassium, akā ʻo ka nui o ka nitrogen o 0.66%. ʻO kāna phosphorous a me ka potassium e like me ka manure holoholona ʻē aʻe. Aia nā ʻike kumumea i kahi o 30%, ma ʻō aku o ka manure holoholona ʻē aʻe. ʻOi aku ka nui o ka ʻikepili nitritrogen ma mua o ka pāpālua o ka ʻike o ka lepo o nā bipi. No laila, ke hoʻopili ʻia i ka nui o ka manure hipa i ka lepo, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka momona ma mua o ka manure holoholona ʻē aʻe. ʻO kona hopena momona he wikiwiki a kūpono ia no nā lole luna, akā ma hopehoʻoheheʻe decomposed a i ʻole pohihihi, maʻalahi ʻole e puhi i nā mea kanu.

He mea hoʻomakeʻe ka hipa, akā ʻaʻole iki inu i ka wai, no laila ua maloʻo a maikaʻi ke ʻano o ka hipa. Liʻiliʻi hoʻi ka nui o nā feces. ʻO ka lapalapa hipa, ma ke ʻano he mea momona momona, kekahi o nā holoholona ma waena o ka mauʻu lio a me ka lepo o nā bipi. Aia ka manure hipa ma kahi o nā mea momona kūpono. Maʻalahi ʻelua e wāwahi i loko o nā meaola kūpono hiki ke komo i loko, akā loaʻa pū kekahi i nā meaola paʻakikī e hoʻopau. No laila, ʻo ka momona o ka momona o ka hipa ka hui ʻana o ka mea hoʻomomona wikiwiki a hana haʻahaʻa hoʻi, kūpono i nā ʻano o ka noi lepo. Manure hipa nafermentation bio-fertilizer koʻohune composting fermentation, a ma hope o ka wāwahi ʻana o ka mauʻu, hoʻowalewale like nā bacteria bacteria, a laila e aerobic, fermentation anaerobic e lilo i mea momona mea kanu.
ʻO ka ʻike o nā meaola i loko o ka ʻōpala hipa he 24% - 27%, ʻo ka nui o ka nitrogen he 0.7% - 0.8%, ʻo ka mea i loko o ka phosphorous he 0.45% - 0.6%, ʻo ka mea i loko o ka potassium he 0.3% - 0.6%, ʻo ka ʻike o ka mea ʻokanika i nā hipa 5%, ʻike nitrogen o 1.3% a i 1.4%, liʻiliʻi loa i ka phosphorous, waiwai nui ka potassium, a i ka 2.1% a i ka 2.3%.

 

Hānai Manure Composting / Fermentation Process:

1. E kāwili i ka manure hipa a me kahi ʻāpana mauʻu. ʻO ka nui o ka pauka palolo e pili ana i ka momona o ka hulu hipa. Pono ka composting / fermentation āpau i 45% o ka hou.

2. Hoʻohui i 3 kg o nā koʻohune paʻakikī biology i 1 tone o ka manure hipa a i ʻole 1.5 tone o ka manure hipa hou. Ma hope o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i nā koʻohune i ka lakio o 1: 300, hiki iā ʻoe ke pīpī kaulike i ka paila o nā mea hoʻoulu hipa. Hoʻohui i ka nui o ka palaoa, ka mauʻu kulina, mauʻu maloʻo, a pēlā aku.
3. E hoʻolako ʻia me kahi maikaʻi mea kāwili lepo e hoʻoulu i nā meaola. Pono ke kāwili ʻana i ka lole, ʻaʻole e waiho i ka palaka.
4. Ma hope o ka hoʻohuihui ʻana i nā mea maka a pau, hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i ka paila compost windrow. ʻO ka laulā he 2.0-3.0 m, ke kiʻekiʻe o 1.5-2.0 m. No ka lōʻihi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o 5 m. Ke hala ka mahana ma luna o 55, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohanamīkini compost windrow turner mīkini e hoʻohuli iā ia.

Hoʻolaha: aia kekahi mau mea pili i kāu hana ʻana i ka hamo hamo hipa, e like me ka mahana, ka lākiō C / N, ka waiwai pH, ka oxygen a me ka hōʻoia ʻana, a pēlā aku.

5. E piʻi ana ka 3 mau mahana i ka mahana, 5 ʻaʻohe ona ʻaʻohe, 9 mau lā kahe, 12 mau lā ʻaʻala, 15 mau lā i ka palaho.
a. I ke kolu o ka lā, piʻi ka mahana wela o ka compost i 60 ℃ - 80 ℃, e luku ana iā E. coli, nā hua manu a me nā ʻano mea kanu ʻē aʻe a me nā mea kolo ʻino.
b. I ka lima o ka lā, hoʻopau ʻia ka pilau o ka manure hipa.
c. I ka lā ʻeiwa, hele a maloʻo ka composting, uhi ʻia me ka hyphae keʻokeʻo.
d. I ka lā ʻumikūmālua mua, hoʻopuka ia i kahi ʻono waina;
e I ka lā ʻumikūmālima, hele a oʻo ka mauʻu hipa.

Ke hana ʻoe i ka composting manure hipa decomposed, hiki iā ʻoe ke kūʻai aku a noi iā ia i loko o kāu māla, mahiʻai, māla, a pēlā aku. Inā makemake ʻoe e hana i nā granula momona a me nā ʻāpana, pono ka manure compost i iecaianoaaiiie mea hoʻomomona hoʻohua.

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Hana Hipa Manuahi Granical Production

Ma hope o ka composting, hoʻouna ʻia nā mea momona mea hoʻomomona i loko o ka semi-wet material crusher ʻānai. A laila hoʻohui i nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka composting (nitrogen maʻemaʻe, phosphorus pentoxide, potassium chloride, ammonium chloride, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe) e kū ai i nā pae hoʻohālikelike koi, a laila kāwili i nā mea. Hoʻohanagranulator mea hoʻomomona meaola hou e granulate i nā pono i loko o nā hunaahi. Hoʻomaloʻo a hōʻoluʻolu i nā paukū. Hoʻohanamīkini loiloi e hoʻolilo i ka granular maʻamau a kūpono ʻole. Hiki ke hoʻopili pololei ʻia nā huahana kūpono emīkini ʻūhū ʻaʻan a e hoʻihoʻi ʻia nā granula i kūpono ʻole i crusher no ka hoʻoulu hou ʻana.
Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ke kaʻina hana hānai a ka hipa a pau i ka composting- crushing- mixing- granulate- drying- cool- screening- packaging.
Aia kekahi ʻano o ka laina hana hoʻomomona meaola (mai ka liʻiliʻi a i ka pālākiō) no kāu koho.

Noi o ka Hānai Manu
1. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa hipa manu hipa lohi, no laila kūpono i ka mea hoʻomomona kumu. Hoʻonui ia i ka hopena o ka hua i nā mea kanu. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi me ka hui pū ʻana o ka mea hoʻomomona mea kanu wela. Hoʻopili ʻia i ka lepo one a paʻa hoʻi, hiki iā ia ke hoʻomaikaʻi i ka momona, akā hoʻomaikaʻi pū kekahi i ka hana enzyme lepo.

2. Aia nā mea kanu i loko o nā meaola like ʻole i koi ʻia e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka maikaʻi o nā huahana mahiʻai, e mālama ai i nā koi no ka meaʻai.
3. Pōmaika ka mea hoʻomomona meaola no ka metabolism honua, hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hana olaola o ka lepo, ka hanana a me nā meaola.
4. Hoʻonui ia i ke kūpaʻa maloʻo ʻana o ke aniau, ke anuanu kūʻē, desalination a me ka paʻakai kūpaʻa a me nā maʻi kūpaʻa.


Ka manawa Post: Jun-18-2021